inspiration, philosophy


Colors and shades,

Hues and tinges,

Strokes and lines,

Arcs and angles,

Shapes and forms,

Shadows and reflections,

Moods and desires,

Thoughts and memories,

Sounds and noises,

Echoes and reverberations,

Rains and winds,

Waves and dunes,

Day and night,

Evening and twilight,

Sunset and sunrise,

Waxing and waning moon,

Pole star and constellations,

Nebulea and cosmos,

Everything in phenomenon,

Known and unknown,

Revealed and concealed,

Perceived and inferred,

Experienced and imagined,

Real and surreal,

Everything changes with light.

light : phenomenon : change

दर्शन, philosophy


Perception – A source of knowledge

Knowledge is the basis of understanding everything about this existential phenomenon and beyond. It is a journey from known to the unknown that forms any philosophy. The Indian schools of philosophy have laid down six different ways to gain this knowledge.

These are-

1. Perception or Pratyaksha

2. Inference or Anumana

3. Verbal Testimony or Sabda/ Agama

5. Comparison or Upmana

6. Implication or Arthapati

7. Non-apprehension or Anupalabdhi

Let’s discuss perception in the present article.

Perception implies using the senses to perceive. This happens through a contact with the object and the sense organ. Thus, perception involved a sense organ, an object and a contact between them.

Five sense organs exist, namely, eyes, ears, nose, tongue, and skin. Corresponding to these five sense organs, one can experience five types of perception, namely, visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, and tactual.

Almost, all schools of Indian Philosophy accept perception as a reliable, and valid source or knowledge. The Carvaka accept only perception as a valid source of knowledge and refute others. They establish their stand by saying that one cannot establish an invariable unconditional concomitance relation (Vypati) between the perceived (hetu) and the unperceived (sadhya), that is the known and the unknown, respectively. To understand this better, let’s take an instance of a smoke and a fire. Vyapti cannot be established between the two, as we do not have knowledge of all cases of smoke and fire. Perception allows us to have knowledge of a specific smoke and associated fire. A particular case can not lead to a generalization, what is perceived at that particular instant is the only truth. The universal proposition theory will lead to a fallacy called illicit generalization.

According to them, inference as a source of valid knowledge is like taking a leap in the dark, from the perceived smoke and the unperceived fire.

To counter attack the Carvakas, The Jain’s propound that just as inference can go wrong sometimes, similarly perception can also go wrong, as it happens in the case of illusion and hallucinations. So, perception can not be termed as the only source of valid knowledge. The stance by Carvakas about perception being valid in every instance, makes them go towards inference.

The Sautantrika school of Buddhism puts forth their stance against the Carvakas saying that if an object exists, it is not the subject matter of perception. It is the mind that through its own consciousness infer the existence of external objects.

The Nyayas go a little further, stating that taking perception as the only source of valid knowledge will make our lives limited and practical life difficult.

philosophy : perception : knowledge

दर्शन, philosophy, Spiritual

Divinity in Stone

We pray to God in a form that makes us connect with the higher power in an easy manner. Idols made of stone are the most commonly seen in every temple or under a sacred tree or a siddh place. I chanced to witness this beautiful ganesha idol at a stone art workshop and it immediately caught my attention. A flow of bhakti bhaav poured out from deep inside, in the form of poetry.

The countenance of abundance,

But a stance of minimalism,

Your demeanor exhumes unbridled joy,

And a charm so serene,

I gaze in awe at your magnetism,

As I feel the divine aura,

Touch my mortal existence,

Bringing it a step closer,

To the reality of this life,

Yet obscuring its fullness,

Leaving room for bhakti to evolve,

With patience and purity.

bhakti : divinity : ganesha

inspiration, poetry

Surrealism- Layered

Have you ever observed how things have layers to them. It is just a matter of range, and scale. What’s not evident doesn’t imply it doesn’t exist.Another dream of a beautiful evening sky, a palette of blues and greens, with undertones of greys and blacks. As I saw this, I felt an urge to go beyond this layer, and see what’s beneath. There is something enticing about the hidden. Tried sharing the same through a poem.

Unravel the mystery of the sky

The Lines

This beautiful sky above, 

With shades of blue- 

A stolen hue from the peacock’s feathers,

 A grabbed tone from the nordic seas,

 And a snatched tint from the crystals of Ceylon.

The greens look subdued, 

But still asserting their presence, 

With a mix of mountain jungles and the muddy water stains.

The greys and blacks, 

Intrigue me a bit, 

The manner in which,  

They cast a spell of darkness, 

Astounds my knowing, 

And I become a seeker, 

To move towards the unknown, 

With the light of the known.

For the knower is always,

 In his incompleteness,

 Seeking beyond.

As I removed this layer, 

I saw a path, 

Grey and black, 

Revealing the possibilities that exist,

 Always, in different forms and layers,  

The ones we ignore or overlook, 

And miss the bewitching abundance, 

This existence offers every moment.